Magma UNESCO Global Geopark is located in southwest Norway, about one hour by car or train southeast of the city of Stavanger.
The Geopark is mostly situated in Rogaland County, but its eastern sector is in Vest-Agder County.
The Magma UNESCO Global Geopark covers five municipalities – Eigersund, Lund, Flekkefjord, Sokndal and Bjerkreim – overall comprising area of 2,329 km2.
There are hundreds of small valleys and more than 6,000 lakes in the area. The highest peaks in the area reach 907 meters. The landscape represents an ancient peneplain, a more or less flat surface that slopes gently towards the coast. This old peneplain has been deeply incised by rivers and glaciers giving the hilly topography we have today. The landscape is dominated by bare, rounded, rocky hills where crystalline rocks form the surface. Since the local rocks are very poor in essential nutrients, large areas of the Geopark have little to no plants. This also affects the type of agriculture, which is mostly dominated by sheep and cattle farming, since the soil is not suitable for growing vegetables. Farmers in the region have traditionally also been fisherman and are locally called ‘fish-farmers’.
The port of Egersund is an important harbour in southwest Norway and, measured in tons of fish caught, one of the largest in the country.
Highlights and Key facts
Rural Heritage Hub
A protected building from 1850 and currently the office of Magma Geopark, the former dairy of the town of Egersund will serve as the Rural Heritage Hub. Structural changes in the local agriculture and food industry caused the production at Egersund Dairy to decrease gradually. The Egersund municipality bought the building in 1997. The building is currently owned by a private entity and rented out to Magma Geopark.