Lesvos is the biggest island in the North Aegean Region. It is the third largest island in Greece and is separated by 3.6 km from Turkey by the narrow Mytilini Strait. Spatially, it is characterized by the presence of the Mytilini urban center with its suburbs and some important smaller settlements.
In Lesvos, one encounters prehistoric and historic archaeological monuments, medieval castles, Byzantine monasteries, and traditional villages. The rich architectural heritage is based on the use of local building materials, which reflect the geological heritage and the natural environment.
Lesvos island hosts a wealth of geological heritage sites including the famous Petrified Forest of Lesvos, areas of natural beauty, rich ecosystems and a variety of cultural monuments. All these elements contributed to the island’s recognition as a UNESCO Global Geopark, the third site designation of UNESCO.
Lesvos is the birthplace of many important luminaries in the arts and literature such as the poetess Sappho, the philosopher Theophrastus, the poet Alkaios, Pittacus the Philosopher, Terpandros the lyrist and the more recent G. Jakobides and the nobelist poet of the Aegean, Odysseas Elytis.
The Lesvos Island Geopark highlights the evidence of its geological natural and cultural heritage and sets the stage for visitors to familiarize themselves with a rich network of geological heritage sites and ecosystems, archaeological sites and monuments as well as a variety of attractive museums and galleries.
Highlights and Key facts
Rural Heritage Hub
The Rural Heritage Hug is located in Sigri on Lesvos Island at the premises of the Natural History Museum of the Lesvos Petrified Forest. The Museum is the core of the Lesvos Island UNESCO Global Geopark